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PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND TOTAL FLAVONOID CONTENT ASSAYS OF VARIOUS SOLVENT EXTRACTS OF FRUITS OF STRYCHNOS POTATORUM LINN.
Usma Gangwar*, Anita Choubey
Dept. of Chemistry, Govt. M. L. B. Girls College, Bhopal (M.P.)
The objective of this research was to conduct the preliminary phytochemical screening and total flavonoid contents assays of various solvent extracts of fruits of Strychnos potatorum. Phytochemical screening was carried out according to the method of CK Kokate and total flavonoid content was measured by the aluminium chloride colorimetric assay. Preliminary phytochemical screening reveals the presence of flavonoids, carbohydrates and diterpenes in chloroform extract, carbohydrate in ethyl acetate extract, glycosides, flavonoids, saponin, carbohydrate, proteins amino acids and diterpens in ethanol extract and glycosides, flavonoids, saponin, carbohydrate, proteins amino acids and diterpens in aqueous extract. Ethanolic extract has the richest content of flavonoids i.e. (1.74mg QE/100mg) respectively, and aqueous extract was the least i.e. (1.5mg QE/100mg). The generated data has provided the basis for its wide use as the therapeutant both in the traditional and folk medicines and can be further subjected for isolation of the therapeutically active compounds with anticancer activity and also for further pharmacological evaluations.
Keywords: Phytochemical screening, Total flavonoids, Strychnos potatorum
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